What is hypertension ?
Hypertension is another name of high blood pressure. Blood pressure is written as two numbers. The first (systolic) number represents the pressure in blood vessels when the heart contracts or beats. The second (diastolic) number represents the pressure in the vessels when the heart rests between beats. As per American, European and Indian guidelines the blood pressure readings of less than 120/80 mm Hg are considered within the normal range.
- Elevated blood pressure is when readings consistently range from 120-129 systolic and more than 80 mm Hg diastolic.
- Hypertension Stage 1 is when blood pressure consistently ranges from 130-139 systolic or 80-89 mm Hg diastolic.
- Hypertension Stage 2 is when blood pressure consistently ranges at 140/90 mm Hg or higher for 1 or 2 weeks. This reading is considered as high blood pressure. General treatment of hypertension is initiated if the monitored readings are above 140/90.
Keeping blood pressure under control is very important for preserving health thereby reducing the risk of these dangerous conditions.
So it’s always advisable to consult your family doctor to control it.